Chapter two goes into detail how individual variation should be considered in physical education. There are hereditary and environmental factors that influence variety among children, which also influences variety in performance, progression and development. Some of these factors include nutrition, physical activity, illness, and lifestyle.
Since early childhood development is so important, play is the primary means in which children understand and grasp true realizations of their bodies, and their moving capabilities. Play has an important role in cognitive and affective growth in young children while developing essential motor skills. Using movement as a way of learning and progressing a child’s capabilities, is easier than classroom tactics, because it is hands-on. This hands-on technique makes the children active participants, which holds onto their attention more effectively.